Further Education for Ambassadors for Peace, “Conscience & Human Rights” (Switzerland)

Live from the UPF office in Geneva, Michel Reymond, Prof Muharrem, Prof Benyahia

On June 26th, the already nominated Ambassadors for Peace participated in a 3-hour online seminar under the following topic: Conscience & Human Rights and was organized by UPF and IAYSP Switzerland.

Over 30 participants reviewed some of the universal principles found in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) and religion. Chantal C. Komagata, Secretary-General of UPF Switzerland and UPF coordinator for Europe, presented the content in English, translated into both French and Albanian.

The participants examined how the conscience functions and what differentiates it from the original mind, which is absolute. They analyzed the meaning of the conscience, as mentioned in the Preamble and Articles 1 of the UDHR and World Scripture.
Different religions and psychologies hint at a contradiction between a good and bad heart or a light and a dark side.
Thomas Aquinas described the conscience as a judge, independently of the fact that it is right or wrong, that makes us feel bad when we act against it. For example, if you live in a society where sexual mutilation is considered a purification, you will feel you are sinning if you do not do it to your children.

Many more examples and questions were observed before entering three case studies based on articles 16, 18, and 19 of the UDHR. The participants of the three groups discussed the cases and reflected on what they felt in their conscience about these different situations:
The first case, in the Albanian speaking group, was about the word full age and free and full consent as the prerequisite to the right to marry, knowing that in some places, girls are being married as soon as they have their period; although the brain is fully developed after 20.

Chantal C. Komagata, presentation on the “Conscience & Human Rights”

The 2nd case study, analyzed by the English-speaking participants, was about the trend in our Western societies to fight against discrimination by promulgating laws. It not only accepts discrimination but also tries to soothe the consciousness of people. That is possible by promoting behaviors considered by part of the society or countries morally wrong.

The 3rd case study in French was about prohibiting the teaching of religion in schools and censoring dissenting views with the argument of the country’s secularism.

The discussions in rooms went over 35 minutes and were followed by a report of the main points discussed in each group.
In the end, a summary made clear that, as human beings living in the 21st century, we need to remain vigilant about many things affecting us: the relative criteria of goodness coming from our society, the collective consciousness being manipulated by a desire to conform to the majority, and drives derived from our physical needs.

Ultimately, the conscience needs to be constantly developed as we become more mature. That is possible by reflecting and debating on political decisions and social trends, by reading Scriptures, living for the sake of others, and practicing listening to the voice of our original heart.